GDP growth hits 4.9% in Q3,with surging exports

IMG 0349

GDP was up 4.9% y/y in Q3, a rise of 1.7 pps from Q2, but still 1.1 pps lower than in Q3 2019. Industrial output was up 5.8% y/y in Q3, up 1.4 pps from Q2, and up 0.8 pps from Q3 2019.

Investment was up 8.8% y/y, up 5 pps from Q2, and up 4.1 pps from Q3 2019, with investment in manufacturing rising fastest, by 9% y/y, up 10 pps from Q2. Retail sales of social consumption goods were up 0.9% y/y, and up 4.8 pps from Q2 -- and their real growth rate was -0.4% y/y.

CPI was up 2.3% y/y in Q3, down 0.4 pps from Q2. In particular, CPI rose only 1.7% y/y in September, an accelerated decrease. Producer prices fell less. The ex-factor price index of industrial goods fell -2.2% y/y, up 0.9 pps from Q2. PPI rose 1.2% m/m. It fell -2.7% y/y, up 1.7 pps from Q2.

The societal financing scale increased 46% y/y, driven by booming government bond issuance. The main financial indicators have stable or slightly increasing growth rates. At the end of Q3, M2 was up 10.9% y/y, down 0.3 pps from June. Household savings rose 13.9% y/y, down 0.4 pps from June. M1 was up 8.1% y/y, up 1.7 pps from June.

Despite the global pandemic, and the still ongoing U.S.-China trade war, exports are surging, and rose 10.2% y/y, up 5.7 pps from Q2, and up 6.3 pps from Q3 2019. The Chinese share of world exports also climbed, to 20%, from 13.1% in 2019, and 12.8% in 2018. Specifically, exports to the United States rose 19.2% y/y. Imports increased 4.3% y/y, up 10.1 pps from Q2.

The RMB has been appreciating against the dollar since June. On October 26th, the RMB had appreciated 6.7% compared to its value at the end of May. However, the magnitude is still too small to have sizable impacts on trade.

The export surge can be attributed to China’s good pandemic control, and its economy’s high resilience. Based on these two factors, we expect exports will remain in good shape in the near future.